Candidate Profile

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EXPERTISE
History - Maritime
Science - General
PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE WITH:
BIOGRAPHY
Bob Collins (B.SC, MBA) is a graduate metallurgist and businessman with over thirty years professional experience working in the UK and internationally. Bob initially worked as a metallurgist in the energy sector, including working on the James Fisher Fleet of ships based in Barrow and supporting the nuclear industry. Subsequently Bob transitioned into commercial roles including sales and marketing before focusing on strategy and business planning as a Vice President in the Westinghouse Electric global nuclear business. During this time Bob worked with the Devonport Dockyard in the UK. Bob finally set up his own business providing consultancy on strategy, business planning, acquisitions and corporate alliances. Bob has extensive experience speaking to audiences large and small on cruises, at universities or local groups and at business events such as conferences and exhibitions. Bob has recently completed training in Port and Destination talks and will be completing his first cruise as a Port/Destination speaker in April 2020 focusing on the Mediterranean, Canary Islands, Portugal and Spain.

Bob has developed his portfolio of enrichment talks based on a deep interest in both maritime history and the influence of materials on the world of today and he delivers a belend of entertainment and education in all of his talks.


PRESENTATIONS
Talks on the Atlantic Ocean and Atlantic Islands

This set of talks discusses how crossing the Atlantic has developed over four thousand years from exploration to mass transport.

Talk 1 – The Atlantic Challenge
This first talk of the set focuses on the geography and climate of the Atlantic, considering wind patterns, sea currents, hurricanes and icebergs, including a discussion of the Sargasso Sea and the Bermuda Triangle. Through this we can see why the ‘Western Ocean’, as early sailors knew it, was such a challenge to early explorers and why it continues to demand respect from travellers today. The talk includes a look at how the Atlantic Ocean has changed over time and how man might be influencing this today.

Talk 2 – Who was first? – Exploring the Atlantic
There continues to be debate about who was the first to cross the Atlantic and discover ‘The Americas’. This talk looks at the early explorers who may or may not have been the first to reach the Americas and what we mean by ‘the first’, ranging from Thor Heyerdahl and his reeds boat theory through to the origin of European influence in the Americas. This talk includes discussion of the type of ships used by the early explorers, from reeds through Viking long boats and the ships of Christopher Columbus.

Talk 3 – Empires and Pirates
The Americas rapidly became an extension of the battlefields of Europe for the great maritime nations of the 15th and 16th Centuries as well as potentially sources of great wealth. And great wealth at sea would lead to the development of the tradition of pirates and privateers that is now looked back on with such an air of romance. This talk explores how England, France, Spain and Portugal sought to exploit the newly discovered territories as both new places of empire and finance for their ongoing wars in Europe and looks at the development of piracy, particularly in the Caribbean. To conclude at the time of the American War of Independence. The talk includes discussion of the ships used during this period of maritime history.

Talk 4 – The Blue Riband
From the early days of regular crossings, the speed at which a ship could cross the Atlantic was the focus for the marketing of scheduled transatlantic passenger services and it soon developed into a race to win the ‘Blue Riband’ for the fastest crossing. This talk looks at the history of the ‘Blue Riband’ from when 8Knots was considered a high average speed through to the most recent crossings at over 50Knots – though some may question if these more recent crossings should qualify for the riband!

Talk 5 – Travelling in Style
Today the ‘Atlantic Crossing’ is synonymous with fine dining and the highest of luxury travel, but it wasn’t always this way. This talk looks at the conditions of the journeys of the early colonists, the first wave of emigrants and concludes with what is often called the golden age of the transatlantic liner, including the wave of emigration from Europe to the USA from the late nineteenth century through a large part of the twentieth century.
Along the way the talk looks at how the design of ships has changed and how changing materials and technology has enabled faster and bigger ships to travel more safely, though nobody today would describe a ship as ‘unsinkable’.

Talk 6 – Mail, Trade and The Wireless
By the 18th Century travel across the Atlantic had increased substantially but it was still quite an adventure and transatlantic communication was slow at best. This talk looks at the development of mail services across the ocean, how this was followed by scheduled cargo transport and the development of the telegraph and radio across the Atlantic.

Talk 7 – The Atlantic at War
The major powers have used the Atlantic as a battle ground almost from the time that the first explorers and colonists arrived on the ‘other side of the pond’. This talk discusses the role of transatlantic shipping and warships in the World Wars I and II, but drawing lessons from the naval warfare that preceded it.

Talks 31 and 32 can be adapted to specific cruise itineraries to develop a significant portfolio for a longer cruise.

Talks on the Caribbean Sea

Talk 8 The Caribbean Sea – BC to AD
This talk looks at the formation of the Caribbean Islands, how they were first populated and the first European arrivals.

Talk 9 Empires and Pirates
This talk explores how England, France, Spain and Portugal sought to exploit their newly discovered territories in the Caribbean as both new places of empire and finance for their ongoing wars in Europe and looks at the development of piracy throughout the Caribbean and across to West Africa.
The talk includes discussion of the ships used during this period of maritime history.

Talk 10 The Development of Caribbean Cruising
This talk explores how the Caribbean Sea became the birthplace of the modern cruise industry after the transatlantic trade began to reduce

Talk 11 A Short History of the Panama Canal
Addressing the history of crossing the Panama Isthmus from Atlantic to Pacific Oceans from the early days of the Spanish Main, through the story of first building the Panama Canal to how it is today.

Talks 31 and 32 can be adapted to specific cruise itineraries to develop a significant portfolio for a longer cruise.

Talks on the Pacific Ocean and Hawaii

Talk 11 - A Calmer Ocean?
How did the Pacific Ocean get its’ name and is it right?
This first talk of the set focuses on the geography and climate of the Pacific Ocean, considering wind patterns, sea currents, how the many islands may have developed and will evolve and how these factors have influenced the development of sailing around and across the Pacific Ocean. This talk will consider influences such as the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire’, how it differs from the Atlantic Ocean and how unique aspects of the regional geography influence the climate for sailing.
The talk includes a look at how the Pacific has changed over time and how man might be influencing this today. Itinerary Focus: A look at the geological aspects of the development of the islands of Hawaii.

Talk 12 Early Explorers
In Europe the history of exploration of the Pacific usually starts with Ferdinand Magellan, the first European to enter the Pacific by rounding Cape Horn in November 1520. However, by this time all of the Americas and most of the islands of the Pacific were already populated and trade was well developed. This talk considers theories of how populations spread throughout the pacific region, including Australia and New Zealand, at a time when ship designs were basic and navigation techniques were only just developing.
Aspects considered include the development of the marine compass, the voyages of Zheng He, how Polynesians navigated island to island, how the Bering Straight may have been the route for population of the Americas, and how other countries, such as Japan, participated in the growth of trade. Itinerary Focus: Particular focus on theories of how the islands of the Pacific were populated.

Talk 13 The Europeans Arrive
Maritime history in the Pacific Ocean changed with the arrival of European explorers and traders. This talk looks at the first European traders to explore the region, such as Magellan and Sir Francis Drake through to the journeys of Captain Cook and the scientific explorations of Charles Darwin. This talk will consider aspects such as the type of ships used in these voyages, improvements in navigation and living conditions aboard early sailing ships. Itinerary Focus: Who were the first Europeans to arrive in the Pacific Ocean and discover islands such as Hawaii? And what happened when they did?

Talk 14 The Development of International Trade
This talk looks at how International trade on the Pacific Ocean changed after the arrival of the Europeans, leading on to the emergence of the Pacific as the new hub of international trade in the last century as the economies of Japan, Singapore, Indonesia, China and other Asian countries have grown. Aspects covered will include the development of the Portuguese empire in the pacific and Indian Oceans and the arrival of the east Indian companies of the Netherlands and England. Itinerary Focus: An indication of how the worlds centres of trade have changed from the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean and then to the growing hub of Pacific Ocean Trade.

Talks 31 and 32 can be adapted to specific cruise itineraries to develop a significant portfolio for a longer cruise.

Talks on the Mediterranean Sea

Talk 15 Challenges of Sailing the Mediterranean Sea
This talk looks at the oceanography of the Mediterranean Sea with a focus on winds, tides and currents as they have influenced the history of sailing and exploration of this ‘inland sea’.

Talk 16 The Age of Exploration – How Portugal and Spain led an age of ocean exploration
The period of the 15th to the 18th Centuries covers a time when European countries explored the oceans of the world. This was led by Portugal and Spain who explored the Atlantic Ocean and discovered routes to the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Talk 17 The Roman Empire at Sea
Although Rome was not initially a sea going power it became the dominant naval power of the Mediterranean Sea. This talk looks at the history of how this happened and the types of ship that they used to achieve this.

Talk 18 Pirates of the Mediterranean
Piracy, as seen in the Pirates of the Caribbean, has become romanticised over the last two hundred years but it was prevalent throughout much of the nautical history of the Mediterranean Sea. This talk looks at key developments in the history of piracy in this region.

Talks 31 and 32 can be adapted to specific cruise itineraries to develop a significant portfolio for a longer cruise.

Talks related to Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea

Talk 19 – Viking Explorers
This talk will explore the history of exploration and discovery by Viking seafarers through the North Atlantic with a focus on the discovery of Iceland, Greenland and being the first Europeans to reach North America. The talk will follow the family of Erik the Red and will also include discussion of the type of ships used in this exploration and how the destination ports were involved.

Talk 20 – The Vikings go east
This talk explores the history of how the Vikings of Denmark and Sweden in particular traded with and influenced the history of large parts of Northern Europe and Russia

Talk 21 – The Hanseatic League
The Hanseatic League was a major maritime commercial influence throughout the Baltic Sea in the period from This talk discusses the development and growth of the League from its’ origins in northern Germany to becoming an international force that fought sea battles and wars.

Talk 22 - Challenges of Sailing in The Baltic Sea
This talk considers how the oceanography and climate of the Baltic Sea has influenced maritime history of the sea. Includes discussion of historic ship wrecks found in the region.

Talks 31 and 32 can be adapted to specific cruise itineraries to develop a significant portfolio for a longer cruise.

Talks related to the Indian Ocean

Talk 23 – The Indian Ocean – A Short History
This talk looks at the origin of the Indian Ocean and the challenges for travellers when they are sailing through it, whether they are natural geographic hazards or those caused by the climate. Includes a look at how the Indian Ocean could develop with Climate Change.

Talk 24 – The British East India Company
This talk walks through the history of the East India Company, from its’ foundation, through empire building to a difficult end. The history of the company is closely associated with the history of India and other parts of the far east.

Talk 25 – The Portuguese Age of Exploration
Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to sail round the southern tip of Africa, into the Indian Ocean and onward to India and the far east. This led to a golden age for Portugal, opened the ocean to European trade and changed world history. This talk considers why the Portuguese wanted to develop this market, who were the navigators that opened the routes and how clashes with other seafaring nations changed the maritime world.

Talk 26 – The Voyages of Zheng He
This talk looks at the seven voyages of the Chinese explorer and trader Zheng He during the 15th Century. His voyages opened trade routes from the South China Seas to many parts of the Indian Ocean, from East Africa to Ceylon and India. The talk also looks at the fleet and type of ships he sailed in.

Talks on Materials and Ship Building

Talks 27 and 28 on the subject: ‘A Short History of Iron and Steel in Ship Building’

Talk 27 – Before the Industrial Revolution
Beginning with an introduction to the subject by using the cruise ship as an example of the modern-day use of steel these talks discuss how we have progressed from all wooden boats to huge ships where steel is all around us.

Talk 27 is focused on the growth of iron and steel use in wooden ships. The talk concludes with the development of iron and steel on an industrial scale and the first all iron boat.

Itinerary Focus: Can be adapted to suit many regions where there is a strong maritime history.

Talk 28 – Steam and Steel
Using some iconic example ships this talk illustrates how steel came to be the dominant material in ship building and how steel making technology has evolved and continues to evolve to meet the needs of naval architects. The talk concludes with a discussion of materials in use in ship building today, using superyachts as an example of how steel continues to be important but there are more options to choose from now.
Itinerary Focus: Can be adapted to suit many regions where there is a strong maritime history.

Note: If required Talks 27 and 28 can be combined to one 45min. talk.

Talk 29 - From the Stone Age to Superconductors – How Metals Changed the World
This talk illustrates how the production and use of metals has been a driving force in the development of the world as we know it today. The beginnings of the Bronze Age are explored, as are each of the next major steps in civilization from the Iron Age through the Industrial Revolution and on to the third industrial revolution that we are in today. The technology of metals is further explored through major failures such as the Titanic, the BEA Comet and Liberty Ships. Itinerary Focus: Can be adapted to ports which are sources of materials

Talk 30 – Magical Materials - From Ancient Greece to Avatar
This talk begins with the study of Alchemy, with Aristotle in Ancient Greece, and progresses through the development of the modern Periodic Table to present a story of how materials from the worlds of science fiction and fantasy, such as Unobtanium in Avatar, are not so strange as they might at first appear. Itinerary Focus: Can be adapted to ports which are sources of materials.

Other Maritime Talks

Talk 31 – Common words and phrases with a maritime origin.
There are many phrases in common use in the English language today where we all understand the modern meaning, but the origin has been lost in time. Some of these have a maritime origin and they have a connection to our naval history – but it can be hard to know when that connection is true! Itinerary Focus: Will be relevant to any cruise and can be adapted to focus on specific ports of call.

Talk 32 – The Tides – What Causes them and their impact on history
Tides are an every day part of the maritime world but few people truly understand why they happen and the effects that they can have on our world. This talk looks at the science behind tides and considers some of the historical events that have been influenced by tides.
Itinerary Focus: Can be tailored to consider the tidal effects in particular regions or ports.

Talk 33 - A Short History of cruising – From Education to Destination
This talk discusses the history of cruising as a vacation from the early days of adapted steam ships of the 19th Century focused on antiquity to todays’ cruise liners that are destinations themselves.

Port/Destination Talks - focus on Mediterranean, Spain Portugal, Canary Islands and Madeira
CRUISE HISTORY / EXPERIENCE
During 2019 Bob has delivered talks on a SAGA cruise in Northern Europe (2 talks), on an MSC Cruise in the Indian Ocean (12 Talks) and on Princess Cruises to the midnight sun (6 talks) and the Caribbean (3 talks). 2020 has begun with a Celebrity Indian Ocean cruise and other cruises are booked for transatlantic and Baltic voyages with enrichment talks and a mediterranean voyage as a destination speaker. All talks are well timed at 45minutes and were well received and assessments received have been very good.

Presentations use Microsoft powerpoint and are delivered while standing and without reference to notes
ADDITIONAL RELEVANT INFORMATION
The portfolio of available talks are suitable for most cruise destinations and can be adapted to specific itineraries. I also have a deep knowledge of maritime history for many regions and can prepare talks for a specific itinerary if required. Fully trained in Port and Destination talks.
RECENT PAST CRUISES COMPLETED
The following recent Cruise History has been recorded for this candidate.
SHIP REF CRUISE DESCRIPTION NIGHTS SAILING FROM DEPARTURE DATE
Celebrity Constellation CS200102 Best Of India & South East Asia 15 Dubai Thursday, January 2, 2020
Crown Princess 3927 Southern Caribbean Voyager 10 Fort Lauderdale, Florida Friday, October 18, 2019
Pacific Princess K910 Land of the Midnight Sun Cruise 16 Dover Sunday, June 30, 2019